Certificate renewal for Microsoft 365 and Azure AD users - Microsoft Entra (2023)

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For successful federation between Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS), the certificates used by AD FS to sign security tokens in Azure AD must match what is configured in Azure AD. Any mismatch can lead to broken trust. Azure AD ensures that this information is kept in sync when deploying AD FS and Web Application Proxy (for external network access).


This article provides information about managing your federation's certificates. For information on emergency switching seeEmergency switch of AD FS certificates

This article provides you with additional information on managing token signing certificates and keeping them in sync with Azure AD in the following situations:

  • You are not deploying Web Application Proxy, so the federation metadata is not available on the extranet.
  • You are not using the default AD FS configuration for token signing certificates.
  • You are using a third-party identity provider.


Microsoft strongly recommends using a hardware security module (HSM) to protect and secure certificates. For more information seeHardware security moduleaccording to best practices for securing AD FS.

AD FS default configuration for token signing certificates

Token signing and decryption certificates are usually self-signed certificates and are good for one year. By default, AD FS includes an automatic renewal process calledAutoCertificateRollover. If you're using AD FS 2.0 or later, Microsoft 365 and Azure AD automatically update your certificate before it expires.

Renewal notification from the Microsoft 365 admin center or an email


If you received an email asking you to renew your Office certificate, seeManage changes to token signing certificatesto check if you need to take any action. Microsoft is aware of a potential issue that may result in certificate renewal notifications being sent even when no action is required.

(Video) Microsoft Entra / Azure AD 2 0 Explained with Full Demo

Azure AD attempts to monitor federation metadata and update token signing certificates as indicated by this metadata. 35 days before token signing certificates expire, Azure AD checks if new certificates are available by polling the federation metadata.

  • If it can successfully measure the federation metadata and retrieve the new certificates, no email notification is issued to the user.
  • If it cannot retrieve the new token signing certificates, either because the federation metadata is not accessible or because automatic certificate rotation is not enabled, Azure AD issues an email.


If you use AD FS, to ensure business continuity, ensure that your servers have the following updates so that authentication failures do not occur for known issues. This mitigates known AD FS proxy issues for this refresh and future refresh periods:

Server 2012 R2 -Windows Server May 2014 Rollup

Server 2008 R2 and 2012 -Proxy authentication fails in Windows Server 2012 or Windows 2008 R2 SP1

Check if the certificates need to be updated

Step 1: Check the AutoCertificateRollover status

On the AD FS server, open PowerShell. Check that the AutoCertificateRollover value is set to True.


Certificate renewal for Microsoft 365 and Azure AD users - Microsoft Entra (1)


If you are using AD FS 2.0, first run Add-Pssnapin Microsoft.Adfs.Powershell.

Step 2: Verify that AD FS and Azure AD are synchronized

On your AD FS server, open the MSOnline PowerShell prompt and sign in to Azure AD.


(Video) Setup Azure Active Directory on Office365 portal | Office365 Training

MSOL-Cmdlets are part of the MSOnline PowerShell module. You can download the MSOnline PowerShell module directly from the PowerShell Gallery.

Install-Module MSOnline

Sign in to Azure AD using the MSOnline PowerShell-Module.

Import-MSOnlineConnect-MsolService Module

Check the certificates configured in the AD FS and Azure AD trust properties for the specified domain.

Get-MsolFederationProperty - Domain Name| Source FL, TokenSigning Certificate

Certificate renewal for Microsoft 365 and Azure AD users - Microsoft Entra (2)

If the fingerprints on both outputs match, your certificates are synced with Azure AD.

Step 3: Check if your certificate is about to expire

In the output of either Get-MsolFederationProperty or Get-AdfsCertificate, check the date in the "Not after" section. If the date is less than 35 days away, you should take action.

AutoCertificateRolloverCertificates in sync with Azure ADFederation metadata is publicly accessibleValidityAction
YesYesYes-No action is required. I seeAutomatically renew token signing certificate.
YesNo-Less than 15 daysRenew immediately. I seeRenew the token signing certificate manually.
No--Less than 35 daysRenew immediately. I seeRenew the token signing certificate manually.

[-] Does not matter

Automatic renewal of token signing certificate (recommended)

You do not need to perform manual steps if both of the following apply:

  • You have deployed a Web application proxy that can enable access to federation metadata from the extranet.
  • You are using the default AD FS configuration (AutoCertificateRollover is enabled).

Check the following to confirm that the certificate can be automatically updated.

1. The AD FS AutoCertificateRollover property must be set to True.This indicates that AD FS will automatically generate new token signing and decryption certificates before the old ones expire.

2. AD FS federation metadata is publicly accessible.Check that your federation's metadata is publicly accessible by going to the following URL from a computer on the public internet (outside the corporate network):


where(your_FS_name)is replaced with the federation service host name that your organization uses, such as fs.contoso.com. If you can verify both of these settings successfully, you don't need to do anything else.


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Renew the signing certificate manually

You can choose to renew signing certificates manually. For example, the following scenarios may work best for manual renewal:

  • Token signing certificates are not self-signed certificates. The most common reason for this is that your organization manages AD FS certificates that have been enrolled by an organization certificate authority.
  • Network security does not allow federation metadata to be publicly available.

In these scenarios, whenever you update the token signing certificates, you must also update the Microsoft 365 domain using the PowerShell command, Update-MsolFederatedDomain.

Step 1: Verify that AD FS has new token signing certificates

Non-default configuration

If you are using a non-default configuration of AD FS (whereAutoCertificateRolloverIt has been setFalse), you are probably using custom certificates (not self-signed). For more information about how to renew AD FS token signing certificates, seeCertificate requirements for federal servers.

Federation metadata is not publicly available

On the other hand, ifAutoCertificateRolloverIt has been setTrue, but your federation metadata is not publicly accessible, first ensure that new token signing certificates are generated by AD FS. Verify that you have new token signing certificates by following these steps:

  1. Make sure you are connected to the primary AD FS server.

  2. Check the current signing certificates in AD FS by opening a PowerShell command window and running the following command:

    PS C:>Get-ADFSCertificate –CertificateType token-signing


    If you are using AD FS 2.0, you must first run Add-Pssnapin Microsoft.Adfs.Powershell.

  3. Look at the command output for any listed certificates. If AD FS has generated a new certificate, you should see two certificates in the output: one for which theIsPrimaryvalue isTrueandNo. Afterdate is within 5 days, and one for whichIsPrimaryisFalseandNo. Afterit's about a year in the future.

  4. If you see only one certificate, and theNo. AfterThe date is within 5 days, you need to create a new certificate.

    (Video) How to Set Up Azure Certificate Based Authentication

  5. To generate a new certificate, run the following command at a PowerShell command prompt:PS C:\Update-ADFSCertificate –CertificateType token-signing.

  6. Verify the update by running the following command again: PS C:>Get-ADFSCertificate –CertificateType token-signing

Two certificates should now be listed, one of which has aNo. Afterdate about a year in the future, and for which theIsPrimaryvalue isFalse.

Step 2: Update the new token signing certificates for the Microsoft 365 trust

Update Microsoft 365 with the new token signing certificates to use for the trust, as follows.

  1. Open the Microsoft Azure Active Directory for Windows PowerShell module.
  2. Run $cred=Get-Credential. When this cmdlet prompts you for credentials, enter the credentials of your cloud service administrator account.
  3. Run Connect-MsolService –Credential $cred. This cmdlet connects you to the cloud service. An environment that connects you to the cloud service is required before you run any of the additional cmdlets that the tool has installed.
  4. If you are running these commands on a computer that is not the primary AD FS federation server, run Set-MSOLAdfscontext -Computer , where is the internal FQDN of the primary AD FS server. This cmdlet creates an environment that connects you to AD FS.
  5. Run Update-MSOLFederatedDomain –DomainName. This cmdlet updates the settings from AD FS to the cloud service and configures the trust relationship between the two.


If you need to support multiple top-level domains, such as contoso.com and fabrikam.com, you should use itMultipleDomain supporttoggle with any cmdlet. For more information, seeSupport for multiple top-level domains.

If your tenant is federated to more than one domain, Update-MsolFederatedDomain must be run for all domains listed in the exit fromGet-MsolDomain - Authentication link. This will ensure that all federated domains are updated to the Token-Signing certificate. You can achieve this by running:Get-MsolDomain -Authentication Link | % { Update-MsolFederatedDomain -DomainName $_.Name -SupportMultipleDomain }

Fix Azure AD trust using Azure AD Connect

If you configured your AD FS farm and trusted Azure AD using Azure AD Connect, you can use Azure AD Connect to determine if you need to take any action on your token signing certificates. If you need to renew the certificates, you can use Azure AD Connect to do so.

For more information, seeRepairing trust.

AD FS and Azure AD certificate update steps

Token signing certificates are standard X509 certificates used to securely sign all tokens issued by the federated server. Token decryption certificates are standard X509 certificates used to decrypt any incoming tokens.

By default, AD FS is configured to automatically generate token signing and decryption certificates, both at initial configuration time and when the certificates are nearing their expiration date.

Azure AD tries to retrieve a new certificate from your federated service metadata 35 days before the current certificate expires. In case a new certificate is not available at that time, Azure AD will continue to monitor the metadata at regular daily intervals. Once the new certificate is available in the metadata, the federation settings for the domain are updated with the new certificate information. You can useGet-MsolDomainFederationSettingsto verify if you see the new certificate in NextSigningCertificate / SigningCertificate.

For more information about Token Signing Certificates in AD FS seeObtain and configure the token signing and decryption certificates for AD FS

(Video) Syncing Users in Azure AD Connect: Master the Art of Seamless User & Group Integration


Is Azure AD now part of Microsoft Entra? ›

Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), part of Microsoft Entra, is an enterprise identity service that provides single sign-on, multifactor authentication, and conditional access to guard against 99.9 percent of cybersecurity attacks.

How do I renew my Azure AD certificate? ›

Sign in to the Azure portal, and then open the certificate you want to renew. On the certificate pane, select New Version.
Renew a nonintegrated CA certificate
  1. Azure portal.
  2. Azure CLI.
  3. Azure PowerShell.
May 5, 2023

How do I renew my certificate in enterprise app? ›

In the Azure portal, navigate to the Enterprise application you created for SSO. In the application's left-hand navigation menu, select Single sign-on. In the SAML Signing Certificate box, click the pencil icon to manage your certificate. Click + New Certificate, choose a duration of up to 3 years, and then click Save.

How do I renew my SSL certificate in Office 365? ›

To update an expired Office 365 Gateway site SSL certificate, perform the following actions:
  1. Log on to the Office 365 Application Endpoint Host as an administrator.
  2. Prepare a new site SSL certificate with the same hostname as in the expired site SSL certificate.
  3. Place the new site SSL certificate on the host.

What is Microsoft Entra replacing? ›

I guess we all knew it was coming (after all, Microsoft published message center notification MC477013 in December 2022), but the news that the Microsoft Entra admin center (Figure 1) will replace the Azure AD admin center from April 1, 2023 is yet another example of the ongoing and constant changes in Microsoft 365.

What is the difference between Microsoft 365 and Azure AD? ›

Microsoft Azure is another enterprise cloud platform, with a much wider range of capabilities. Unlike Microsoft 365, which is a software as a service (SaaS) product, Azure has infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and platform as a service (PaaS) components.

Do we have to renew Azure certification? ›

No. Renewal does not apply to fundamentals certifications as they do not expire. Why do role-based certifications expire after one year? Certifications expire after one year to ensure that tech professionals keep skills up-to-date with evolving technology.

How often do you have to renew Azure certification? ›

The Fundamentals role-based certifications (like Azure Fundamentals) have a lifetime certification validity. By contrast, the Associate, Expert, and Specialty role-based certifications expire in one year. Renewal involves your passing a 20-25question free online assessment at Microsoft Learn.

What happens after Azure certification expires? ›

After the certification expires, you will no longer be able to renew that certification and will need to re-earn the certification by passing all the required exam(s).

How do I renew my certificate authentication? ›

To renew a certificate: Select System > Configuration > Certificates > Client Auth Certificates. Click the link that corresponds to the certificate you want to renew.

How to renew Certificates from a Microsoft certificate Authority? ›

Renew the Certificate by going to MMC > Certification Authority (Local) Snap In. Right-click the CA and select Renew All Tasks > Renew CA Certificate.

Where are Office 365 certificates stored? ›

View your certificates

In the left pane, click Email Security. Under Encrypted e-mail, click Settings. Under Certificates and Algorithms, click Choose. Click the certificate that you want, and then click View Certificate.

Does Office 365 require SSL certificate? ›

Does Office 365 require an SSL certificate? Office 365 requires a third-party SSL certificate to encrypt communications between your clients and the Office 365 environment. You must install the SSL certificate on your server.

What is the difference between renew and replace SSL certificate? ›

When your current certificate is about to expire, a Renewal is required. A Revoke & Replace (Reissue) is when you cancel a current, valid certificate and request a new one. Renewal: DigiCert certificates are valid for a defined period from the date of issue, after which time they expire and have to be renewed.

What does Microsoft Entra include? ›

The Entra family includes Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), as well as two new product categories: Cloud Infrastructure Entitlement Management (CIEM) and decentralised identity.

What does Microsoft Entra do? ›

Microsoft Entra is the vision for identity and access that expands beyond identity and access management with new product categories such as cloud infrastructure entitlement management (CIEM) and decentralized identity.

What is Azure AD Entra? ›

Microsoft Entra Workload Identities

Manage and help secure identities for digital workloads, such as apps and services. Control their access to cloud resources with risk-based policies and enforcement of least-privilege access.

Is Azure AD a part of Microsoft 365? ›

Microsoft 365 uses Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), a cloud-based user identity and authentication service that is included with your Microsoft 365 subscription, to manage identities and authentication for Microsoft 365.

Can you use Office 365 without Azure AD? ›

As a SaaS-based cloud directory service, you don't need to have both Active Directory and Azure AD. You can leverage JumpCloud as your identity provider (IdP) and connect it to Office 365, which integrates with Azure AD.

What are the three types of Azure AD? ›

Azure Active Directory comes in four editions—Free, Office 365 apps, Premium P1, and Premium P2.

Who needs Azure certification? ›

Azure certifications are for information technology (IT) professionals, developers, and data and artificial intelligence (AI) professionals who work within the Microsoft cloud computing system.

How long is Azure Administrator certification valid? ›

Format of AZ-104 Microsoft Azure Administrator exam

This certification is valid for one year. No prior certification is required. However, you need at least six or more months of experience in Azure administration and hands-on with core Azure services.

Which certificate to take as Azure? ›

Top Microsoft Azure certifications
  • Azure Administrator Associate.
  • Azure AI Engineer Associate.
  • Azure Database Administrator Associate.
  • Azure Data Engineer Associate.
  • Azure Data Scientist Associate.
  • Azure Developer Associate.
  • Azure Enterprise Data Analyst Associate.
  • Azure Network Engineer Associate.
Oct 17, 2022

How much does it cost to get Azure certified? ›

The cost of the Exam AZ-900: Microsoft Azure Fundamentals is 3696 indian rupees .

How much does it cost to renew Azure domain? ›

The advertised domain price for Azure is $11.99, but this article indicates you also need to pay for DNS. Pricing for those are $0.50 for the zone and $0.40 for the first billion requests per month. That would make the minimum cost for an Azure domain registration $22.79/year.

How much does it cost to get Microsoft certification? ›

How much do Microsoft certifications cost? MCSA, MCSE, and MCSD exams usually cost $165 (US) to sit. Microsoft often has special offers and discounts on however, so keep an eye out. MTA exams are a little cheaper at $127 USD per attempt.

What cloud certifications do not expire? ›

IT Certifications that Never Expire
  • Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) ...
  • Oracle Certified Master (OCM) ...
  • Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) ...
  • LPI – Linux Essentials. ...
  • LPI – Web Development Essentials. ...
  • Cisco Certified Support Technician – CCST. ...
  • Microsoft Fundamentals. ...
  • CompTIA Cloud Essentials+
Mar 12, 2023

Is it worth it to get a Microsoft certification? ›

But the benefits are worth it – you'll have the edge over others in your field of work who don't have these certifications. Microsoft-certified IT professionals can look forward to better job opportunities, higher pay, an expanded professional networking circle, and being treated as trusted advisors in their companies.

How long does it take to get a Microsoft certification? ›

How Long Does It Take to Get Certified? Prep time for the exams depends on your current understanding of Office and how quickly you can learn new features. For each application and exam, Microsoft recommends around 150 hours of instruction and hands-on experience. MOS exams take 50 minutes.

What happens if a certificate is not renewed? ›

When TLS/SSL certificate expires, your website shows warning messages to the users, like 'your connection is not private' or 'your communication is not secure'. Such alarming notifications drive users away from your website, impacting your website traffic, brand value, and sales.

What is the certificate renewal period? ›

To be renewed, a certificate should have completed 80% of its validity period and be within the renewal period. For example, a certificate valid for one year reaches the 80% mark at around 41.5 weeks. If the certificate has a renewal period of six weeks, it will be renewed during the 46th week period.

What happens when certificate expires? ›

Once an SSL certificate expires, other clients (users with browsers) cannot verify your website authenticity. In addition, it may not comply with the latest security standards, leading to vulnerability in encryption mechanisms down the line.

What happens if a Windows certificate expires? ›

When a certificates expires, it is no longer considered an acceptable or usable credential. You can attempt to renew these certificates now. If you do not want to renew certificates at this time, Windows will remind you of their pending expiration each time you log on.

Does a certificate of authentication expire? ›

Apostille Certificate, Authentication Certificate, and Embassy Legalization Certificate/Stamp do not have expiration dates, as you can see in the sample.

What happens when you reissue a certificate? ›

Re-issuing (also Re-Keying) an SSL certificate is the process of generating a new private key and CSR for an existing issued certificate. Re-issuing an SSL certificate involves creating a new private key along with a new CSR and submitting the request to the certificate authority.

How do I update Windows user Certificates? ›

Updating SSL Certificate
  1. Click Start, and then click Run....
  2. Type mmc, and then click OK. ...
  3. In the Console1 window, click File, and then select Add/Remove Snap-in.
  4. In the Add or Remove Snap-ins window, select Certificates, and then click Add.
  5. In the Computer Account window, select Computer Account, and then click Next.

How do I fix expired certificate on Windows? ›

How do I fix my security certificate?
  1. Producing a New CSR (Certificate Signing Request) Code. ...
  2. Selecting an SSL Certificate. ...
  3. Validating Renewal SSL. ...
  4. Installing The SSL Certificate On Your Server.

How do I create a new certificate in Microsoft? ›

On the Windows desktop, select Start > Windows Administrative Tools > Certification Authority. On the right navigation pane, expand the CA, right-click Certificate Templates, and select New > Certificate Templates to Issue. Select the new template created in the above steps and select OK.

Does Office 365 use SSL or TLS? ›

Office 365 supports TLS version 1.2 (TLS 1.2). TLS version 1.3 (TLS 1.3) is supported by some of the services.

How do I retrieve Microsoft certificates? ›

Access your certificates and badges on Learn
  1. Sign into your Learn profile.
  2. Click on the photo avatar and select Profile from the dropdown menu.
  3. Select Certifications from the menu inside your profile.
  4. Your first two certifications will be listed in the Certifications section.
Apr 2, 2023

How do I access Microsoft certificate store? ›

Select Run from the Start menu, and then enter certmgr. msc. The Certificate Manager tool for the current user appears. To view your certificates, under Certificates - Current User in the left pane, expand the directory for the type of certificate you want to view.

Do I need an SSL certificate for each domain? ›

The simple answer is a resounding Yes! You absolutely can use one SSL certificate for multiple domains — or one SSL certificate for multiple subdomains in addition to domains. To understand why and how you can do it , we need to take a look at SSL/TLS certificates and some of its various types.

Does every domain need SSL certificate? ›

If you're asking yourself, “Do I need an SSL certificate?”, the fact is that every website should have an SSL certificate, even if they don't sell anything online. Let's go over why more in-depth below. SSL is a type of encryption protocol that secures data between browsers and servers so it can't be intercepted.

What certificates are required for SSL? ›

For an SSL certificate to be valid, domains need to obtain it from a certificate authority (CA). A CA is an outside organization, a trusted third party, that generates and gives out SSL certificates. The CA will also digitally sign the certificate with their own private key, allowing client devices to verify it.

Do I need to install SSL after renewal? ›

Do I need to install the new SSL certificate after a complete renewal process? Yes, you need to install the new certificate file on your web server. You cannot modify your previously installed certificate file – you have to install the new file.

How often should I renew my SSL certificate? ›

That means that every website needs to renew or replace its SSL certificate at least once every two years.

Do SSL certificates renew automatically? ›

Renewing your SSL certificate is completely automated. For all other certificates, including certificates for an add-on domain, follow these steps.

What is part of Microsoft Entra? ›

The Entra family includes Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), as well as two new product categories: Cloud Infrastructure Entitlement Management (CIEM) and decentralised identity.

Is Azure AD going away? ›

Last Gasp for Azure AD PowerShell Deprecation as June Deadline Approaches. Microsoft's original announcement about the deprecation of the Azure AD and Microsoft Online Services (MSOL) PowerShell modules goes back to 26 August, 2021.

Who owns Azure AD? ›

A user in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is automatically added as an application owner when they register an application. The ownership of an enterprise application is assigned by default only when a user with no administrator roles (Global Administrator, Application Administrator etc.)

Is Microsoft Entra free? ›

Try Microsoft Entra Permissions Management today

We're offering a free 90-day trial to Permissions Management so that you can run a comprehensive risk assessment and identify the top permission risks across your multicloud infrastructure.

Is Microsoft Entra part of E5? ›

Microsoft Entra Identity Governance Preview capabilities are currently available with an Azure AD Premium P2 subscription or free trial: Azure AD Premium P2 is included with Microsoft 365 E5 and offers a free 30-day trial.

How do I enable Microsoft Entra? ›

There are two ways to enable a trial or a full product license, self-service and volume licensing. For self-service, navigate to the M365 portal at https://aka.ms/TryPermissionsManagement and purchase licenses or sign up for a free trial. The second way is through Volume Licensing or Enterprise agreements.

Is Azure AD included in Office 365? ›

Microsoft 365 uses Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) to manage user identities behind the scenes. Your Microsoft 365 subscription includes a free Azure AD subscription so that you can integrate your on-premises Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) to synchronize user accounts and passwords or set up single sign-on.

What is the difference between Active Directory and Azure AD? ›

Azure AD provides managed identities to run other workloads in the cloud. The lifecycle of these identities is managed by Azure AD and is tied to the resource provider and it can't be used for other purposes to gain backdoor access. Active Directory doesn't natively support mobile devices without third-party solutions.

Is Azure AD being deprecated? ›

Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Graph is deprecated and will be retired at any time after June 30, 2023, without advance notice, as we announced in September, 2022.

Will Azure AD replace Active Directory? ›

Simply, no. Azure AD cannot fully replace Active Directory. The cloud-specific Azure AD can work for organizations with zero on-premises infrastructure, but not without losing security.

Is Azure AD always free? ›

Do I pay anything to start with the Azure free account? No. Starting is free. You won't be charged anything unless you decide to move to pay-as-you-go pricing.

Is Azure owned by Amazon? ›

3. Is Azure the same as AWS? No, AWS cloud platform was introduced by Amazon in 2006, whereas Azure cloud platform was launched by Microsoft in 2010. Despite having similar use cases and being widely used in the Big Data community, both platforms are owned by different companies.

How many companies use Azure AD? ›

Customers of Microsoft Azure Active Directory

Around the world in 2023, over 19791 companies have started using Microsoft Azure Active Directory as Identity And Access Management tool.

Is Azure AD expensive? ›

If you're on Azure, it can be free or it's incorporated, at no extra cost, or it can become extremely complicated. If there is a cost, it is not expensive, but you have to have it if you are running an Active Directory environment.


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